NADH and Sport

Every living cell, starting with bacteria all the way up to the human organism, contains NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydride). NADH, also referred to as coenzyme 1, is the biological hydrogen that reacts with the oxygen in the cell and produces water and ATP (adenosine triphosphate). ATP is stored in the mitochondria of the cell and is essential for all cellular processes. This means that the more NADH a cell has available, the more energy it can produce. Especially the brain, heart and muscle cells need an extraordinary amount of energy, which is also why they contain the most NADH.

NADH is also present in our food, such as red meat, poultry and fish, and to a lesser extent in vegetables. When preparing our food, the natural NADH supply is often reduced or destroyed.

NADH’s energy boosting effects are not only known to have positive outcomes when suffering from depression, Alzheimer’s dementia, Parkinson’s disease, cancer and chronic fatigue, but are also beneficial in healthy and athletic individuals.

In a study conducted by Prof. George Birkmayer and Dr. Vank (1) involving 17 well-trained cyclists and marathon runners, the following was observed after these athletes had taken 1 tablet containing 20 mg NADH each morning before breakfast for a period of 4 weeks:

– Quicker reaction time – Improved concentration capacity – A significant reduction in lactate levels – Increase in physical performance and oxygen intake – The spiro-ergometric parameters improved while using NADH

Reasons for this improvement could include the following:
1. A possible pre-existing NADH deficiency. 2. An increase in the concentration of dopamine in certain areas of the brain and consequently stimulated muscle growth, given that dopamine stimulates growth hormone (GH) biosynthesis. As a result, the athletes have more strength and more endurance. 3. A stimulation of the cellular ATP energy production caused by NADH, on account of the fact that NADH enters the cell directly.

In another study conducted with 4 top athletes, Dr. Bill Missner (2) from the USA revealed the following:

– All athletes improved their sprint performance with NADH (5 minutes cycling, 1 mile running) – Better values from all athletes, also in terms of endurance

These findings were verified in a controlled double-blind study at the Institute for Sports Medicine at the University of Freiburg in Germany (3). For the athletes, the practical consequence of this study meant that through regular NADH intake they could train in the aerobic phase for prolonged periods and thereby achieve increased endurance. Creatine kinase (CK), which normally increases during endurance training, indicates that there is damage to the muscle cells. NADH rapidly returns the increased CK activity back to normal again in a very short period of time.

Prof. Komi (4) also confirmed these exceptional results in Finland based on his studies involving high-performance athletes.

Finally, an important question remains: IS NADH CONSIDERED DOPING?
The IOC (International Olympic Committee) as well as the NADA (National Anti-Doping Agency) were very clear in their answers:
The substance nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydride (NADH) does NOT constitute a doping violation.

For further information on this topic, please visit www.nada-bonn.de or www.nadamed.de.

NADH is the method of choice for people who want to increase their physical energy, vitality and mental capacity with the help of this coenzyme that is produced naturally in the body. It should also be mentioned that no side effects have been observed when consuming higher doses of NADH (200 mg/day).

You will find further study results and information regarding NADH preparations at www.birkmayer-nadh.com and in the book “NADH: The Biological Hydrogen: The Secret of Our Life Energy” by Prof. George Birkmayer.


1. Georg D. Birkmayer, M.D., Ph.D., Pavel Vank, M.D., Birkmayer Institute for Parkinson Therapy, Research Division, Vienna, AUSTRIA: REDUCED COENZYME I (NADH) IMPROVES PSYCHOMOTORIC AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN ATHLETES; International Journal of Sports Medicine April, 1996

2. Bill Misner, Ph.D.(Washington, USA), George D. Birkmayer(Vienna, Austria), H. Schlachter (Munich, Germany), and A. Berg (Freiburg, Germany): THE COENZYMEN NICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE(NADH) AS A BIOLOGICAL ERGOGENIC FACTOR IN SHORT-TERM AND PROLONGED EXERCISE

3. Grathwohl D, Klann M, Müller HM, Schlachter H, Berg A.: Einfluss einer NADH Supplementation auf die muskuläre Energiebereitstellung beim Menschen (Influence of NADH supplementation for the muscular energy supply in humans) Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 11/2000

4. Antti A. Mero, Riikka T. Raitanen, George D. Birkmayer and Paavo V. Komi: EFFECTS OF NICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE HYDRIDE ON PHYSICAL AND MENTAL PERFORMANCE; Manuscript / Journal of Sports Sciences 19.9. 2006


Birkmayer USA - May Newsletter

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00May, 2020|

NADH and cancer

How does cancer arise?

1. Through genetic changes in the DNA, the hereditary material in the cells.

2. Through a lack of ATP energy in cells. As a result, the cells’ repair mechanisms no longer function properly.

3. Through free radicals.

Ad 1)
The DNA can be damaged by many different influences. These include environmental toxins, pesticides, smoking, medication such as chemotherapy, heavy metals like mercury (in tooth fillings), UV light and nuclear radiation. All these factors generate free radicals, which are highly reactive molecules that change our genetic material and so create the basis for cancer to develop.

Ad 2)
The production of ATP (= adenosine triphosphate), the cells’ energy store, is controlled by Coenzyme 1, NADH. The more NADH is available to a cell, the more ATP that cell can produce, the better it functions and the longer it lives. An NADH deficiency was found in every investigated cancer cell sample. (1) These cells therefore have an ATP deficiency. This is the biochemical cause for the cancer cells’ uncontrolled division and subsequent formation of metastases. The key question for a plausible cancer treatment is therefore: can one increase the ATP concentration inside cells, and if yes, how? ATP levels can be increased with NADH. This has been demonstrated in isolated heart cells. (2). The oxidised form of NADH, NAD+, and its precursor niacin, however, do not result in increased ATP levels. Administering NADH also increases ATP in the cancer cells, allowing the regulatory molecules to be synthesised in these again and so putting a stop to uncontrolled cell division. The renowned US physician Dr. Thomas COWAN describes in chapter 10 of his book, “CANCER and the NEW BIOLOGY of WATER”, why the form of NADH developed and patented by Prof. George Birkmayer is effective against cancer. He explains that NADH supplies the hydrogen to the cell; this hydrogen then reacts with the oxygen to produce ATP energy and water. Michael D. Forrest of the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK comes to a similar conclusion regarding the positive effects of NADH on cancer (3).

Ad 3)
Dr. Richard Passwater also writes in his foreword to my book, “NADH-The energizing Coenzyme”: There is no substance in the human body that one can describe as THE most important or best biological antioxidant, but NADH comes closer to this description than any other biological substance. According to him, NADH is the strongest biological antioxidant and so the best substance for neutralising free radicals.
NADH has been scientifically demonstrated to work effectively against many cancers. The mechanism of action is based on several factors: the modified DNA in cancer cells is repaired through NADH (4). With NADH, the ATP energy in the cancer cells is increased (2), and being the strongest biological antioxidant, NADH neutralises free radicals, one of the causes of cancer (5).
Four of the more than 90 cancer patients who were successfully treated with NADH will be presented; all of them (like many others) were healed with NADH.

Patient 1:
A 48-year-old man with small-cell lung cancer, diagnosed in September 2001 through CT, MRI and biopsy and considered inoperable due to the proximity to the mediastinum, received 80 mg NADH/day (4 tablets à 20 mg). Four months later, the tumour had shrunk significantly; after 10 months, it was no longer visible in the MRI scan. The patient has been healthy since May 2002 (so for 18 years).


Patient 2:
In 1989, in a 63-year-old woman with breast cancer and liver and bone metastases, a reduction of the metastases was observed after 3 months following treatment with 80 mg NADH/day. After 2 years, all tumour markers in the blood were back to normal and the patient was healthy – and still is today.

Patient 3:
A man who had prostate cancer in 1994 received 6 tablets of NADH (20 mg) daily. Six months after administration of NADH, the PSA level dropped from 35 to the normal range of 2.0-5.0. Subsequently, neither ultrasound nor CT could detect a tumour.

Patient 4:
A 42-year-old Algerian had a 3.5-cm large medulloblastoma in the cervical vertebrae (diagnosed on 03/08/2013). It left him paralysed in his arms and legs and using a wheelchair.
The patient could not be operated because of the tumour’s location, and he rejected chemotherapy. After daily administration of 160 mg NADH/day (8 tablets NADH à 20 mg), the medulloblastoma was no longer detectable on 28/11/2013 (after 3 months) and the paralysis was gone. The patient was healed, and 6 years later he is still healthy.

The best way to strengthen your immune system in times like these and to simultaneously improve your cell energy is through NADH. You can find the types of cancer successfully treated with NADH in the book by Univ. Prof Dr med George Birkmayer: “NADH, alles was Sie über NADH (Coenzym1) wissen sollten“ (NADH – Everything you need to know about NADH (Coenzyme 1)) in chapter 10 (NADH bei Krebs/NADH and cancer). This book is available in German and English.


You can read the scientific studies on our homepage https://birkmayer-nadh.com/de/info/publikationen.html.

1. Mikirova, N. et al., Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine 2003, 18, 9-24;

2. Pelzmann, B., et al., Brit.J.Pharm.2003, 139, 749-754 ;

3. Forrest M.D.; https://doi.org/10.1101/019307

4. Zhang J., et al.; J. Tumor Marker Oncol. 1998; 13, 5-17.

5. Fa-Quan L, Zhang JR.; World J. Gastorenterol. 2003, 9(8):1781-1785.

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00April, 2020|

Nitroxide (NO) inhibits Virus Replication

Nitric oxide (NO) is a widespread signalling molecule that participates in virtually every cellular and organ function in the body (1).

The main site of the molecule’s synthesis is the inner layer of blood vessels. It relaxes blood vessels and due to this improves the blood flow in the heart and lowers the blood pressure.(2)

In the immune system, nitric oxide is produced by macrophages, which are a type of leukocyte (white blood cell) that engulfs bacteria and other foreign particles such as viruses that have invaded the body. Nitric oxide is generated by phagocytes (monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils) as part of the human immune response.(3) NO is also an effective component in the eradication of viruses. Viral replication is inhibited by the induction of iNOS and the subsequent production of NO. This has been shown for Deng Virus (4), HIV-1, coxsackievirus (5), influenza A and B, rhino virus, CMV and Corona Virus)(6).

How can we increase the endogenous NO production ? The source for NO is the amino acid L- Arginine. By the action of the enzyme Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) NO is formed from L-Arginine.

The enzyme NOS needs the coenzyme NADH (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Hydride) for full functionality. As shown by Prof.T. Malinski (Ohio University) the increase of NO-synthesis by NADH supplementation is at least ten times greater than the effect of any other substance). (T. Mailinksi, personal communication). In other words a combination of L-Arginine and NADH increase the endogenous NO production remarkably and can thus destroy the COV-2 virus in infected patients which have developed SARS.

There is a nutritional supplement available which contains L-Arginine and NADH, the brand name of which is NADH VISION.


(1) The discovery of nitric oxide and its role in vascular biology. Moncada S, Higgs EA. Br J Pharmacol. 2006;147 1:S193–201.

(2) Nitrite as regulator of hypoxic signaling in mammalian physiology. van Faassen, EE; Bahrami, S; Feelisch, M; Hogg, N; Kelm, M; et al. (Sep 2009). Med Res Rev. 29 (5): 683–741.

(3) Cellular mechanisms of nonspecific immunity to intracellular infection: Cytokine-induced synthesis of toxic nitrogen oxides from L-arginine by macrophages and hepatocytes”. Green, SJ; Mellouk, S; Hoffman, SL; Meltzer, MS; Nacy, CA (1990). Immunology Letters. 25 (1–3): 15–9. PMID 2126524.

(4) Antiviral action of nitric oxide on dengue virus type 2 replication. Takhampunya R, Padmanabhan R, Ubol S; J Gen Virol. 2006 Oct; 87(Pt 10):3003-11.

(5) Nitric oxide donors inhibit the coxsackievirus B3 proteinases 2A and 3C in vitro, virus production in cells, and signs of myocarditis in virus-infected mice. Zell R, Markgraf R, Schmidtke M, Görlach M, Stelzner A, Henke A, Sigusch HH, Glück B, Med Microbiol Immunol. 2004 May; 193(2-3):91-100.

(6) Nitric oxide inhibits the replication cycle of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, S. Akerström, M. Mousavi-Jazi, J. Klingström, M. Leijon, A. Lundkvist, A.J. Mirazimi Virol. 79 (2005) 1966–1969.

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00March, 2020|


All three of the diseases mentioned above affect the digestive tract.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS for short) is a condition characterised by symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating and a feeling of not having a complete bowel movement. It can be caused by stress, intestinal infections, nutrition or, as is often the case, a number of these in combination with a genetic predisposition.

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the large intestine (otherwise known as the colon) is affected in particular. Those affected may suffer from painful, bloody, mucousy diarrhoea up to several times a day and even during night, often with the urge to have a bowel movement at night, with cramp-like, colic-like stomach pains, possibly with slight fever, combined with weight loss and fatigue. In ulcerative colitis, only the intestinal mucosa is affected.

However, in contrast to this you have Crohn’s disease, where the entire intestinal wall is inflamed. It may be based on an autoimmune disease that can occur throughout the entire digestive tract from the oral cavity to the anus. Crohn’s disease usually begins gradually with abdominal pain and diarrhoea, which persists and leads to weight loss. Elevated blood levels of CRP, blood sedimentation rate and leukocytes can confirm the diagnosis. The distinction between ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease can be clarified by a colonoscopy.

Having said that, if you undergo targeted therapy with NADH then this distinction is of secondary importance, as we have received feedback from some of our customers who have said that NADH has helped them a lot with these intestinal problems.

Mr K. reported the following: “I have been suffering with Crohn’s disease for 20 years now and have had persistent diarrhoea and sometimes excruciating stomach pains. I always needed a toilet within a 20m radius as I would not be able to control the urge to pass a bowel movement.Travelling, meeting up with friends or going to work was out of the question. I felt like a prisoner locked up at home.

After taking 2 x 4 NADH tablets every day, I’ve become a new person.

It wasn’t long at all before I was able to pass solid stools again for the first time, I was able to go out of the house again, I gained weight and I have much more energy to tackle life again.

I have rediscovered the JOY OF LIFE and my QUALITY OF LIFE has increased enormously.”

For people who want to feel healthy again or stay healthy!

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00February, 2020|

NADH and NAD+ – What is the difference?

The key difference between NADH and NAD+ is that NADH has been shown to enter the cell and increase ATP energy production in the cell.

Consequently, if the cell has more energy, it can produce all molecules necessary for cell regulation in sufficient quantities.

NAD+ does NOT enter the cell and can therefore not form ATP. This has been proven in the study (1). Also the NAD+ precursors such as nicotinamide ribosides or NMN (nicotinamide mono nucleotides) do not pass through the cell membrane because they are both positively charged molecules. These molecules cannot penetrate the cell membrane’s lipid layer. This statement is clearly illustrated in the following diagram.

More than 50 scientific studies have been published about the biological functions and therapeutic effects of NADH, and there have also been many studies published about the safety and absence of side effects of NADH (2).

The following facts demonstrate the difference between NADH and NAD+: NAD+ has only been the subject of sporadic scientific studies. To date, a single study on the tolerability of NAD+ has been conducted using 8 (eight) healthy middle-aged people. The unsurprising result was that the 8 participants tolerated NAD+ well (3). Nevertheless, the NAD+ molecules are too large and therefore cannot diffuse through the cell membrane. It is also important to note that NAD+ in its pure form is NOT a nutrient and therefore cannot be taken with food or with food supplements (4).

Clinical studies show that NMN supplements increase NAD+ to a youthful level. NADH, however, is found in many types of food and is available as a dietary supplement around the world. NADH also has at least 3 scientifically proven anti-aging effects (5,6,7). There are 3 main phenomena responsible for aging: (a) Decrease of ATP – energy production in the cells. NADH increases ATP energy production in the cell (1) (b) Damage to the DNA as a result of environmental toxins, radiation and chemotherapy. NADH can repair DNA and cells that have been damaged (8). (c) Oxidation and damage to the cell membrane. NADH acts as a strong biological antioxidant (9). NAD+ being the oxidised form of NADH can NEVER act as an antioxidant.


1. “NADH-supplementation decreased pinacidil-primed I K(ATP) in ventricular cardiomyocytes by increasing intracellular ATP” Pelzmann B, Hallström S, Schaffer P, Lang P, Nadlinger K, Birkmayer GD, Vrecko C, Reibnegger G and Koidl B. Brit. J. Pharm. 2003 139,749-754.

2. https://birkmayer-nadh.com/en/info/publications.html

3. “An open-label, non-randomized study of the pharmacokinetics of the nutritional supplement nicotinamide riboside (NR) and its effects on blood NAD+ levels in healthy volunteers”. Airhart, S. E., Shireman, L.M., Risler, L.J., Anderson, G. D., Nagana Gowda, G. A., Raftery, D., et al. (2017). PloS One 12:e0186459. doi: 10.1371/

4. Opinion no 018/2012 of the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) dated 06 February 2012

5. “Coenzym-1 (N.A.D.H.): A Proven Anti-Aging Substance” Birkmayer JGD, Abstr.Comm. 1st European Congress on Anti-Aging Medicine October 18 -21, 2006 Vienna, Austria

6. “Coenzym-1 (NADH) – Eine wissenschaftlich bewiesene Anti-Aging-Substanz” Birkmayer JGD, Prevention and anti aging 2006 340-348

7. “Method of prolonging the Life-span of Living Cells using NADH, NADPH and ADP-Ribose” Birkmayer JGD, Nadlinger K, Hallstöm S, Westerthaler W, US-Patent Pub.No. US 2004 / 0126751

8. The Reduced Coenzyme Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NADH) repairs DNA damage of PC12 cells induced by doxorubicin; Zhang JR, Vrecko K, Nadlinger K, Storga D, Birkmayer GD, Reibnegger G J. Tumor Marker Oncol. 1998; 13, 5-17.

9. “The antioxidative capacity of ENADA®-NADH in humans”; Reibnegger G, Greilberger J, Juergens G. and Oettl K.J. Tumor Marker Oncol. 2003; 18, 37-41.

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00January, 2020|

It is not just cold weather that chaps your lips

Winter is here and temperatures are dropping. Runny noses, sore throats and chapped lips are quite common during this cold time of the year. But what can be done about it?

Professor George Birkmayer’s NADH all-in-one LIPCARE helps prevent, treat and nourish chapped lips. The daily use of NADH lip balm gives your lips a pleasant feeling and protects them from the cold and from sunlight at the same time so that they do not get chapped in the first place. This is the only lip balm that contains NADH. It has no taste or scent, and all of its ingredients are certified organically grown and are therefore natural and vegan. If you apply it to your lips and the skin below your nose regularly, it will also reduce wrinkles in this area. Many people suffer from itchy and sometimes painful, red blisters in the area around their lips. Regular use of NADH LIPCARE stops herpes blisters from developing. NADH is a pure substance that strengthens the immune system and repairs damaged DNA while increasing energy production in every cell. It therefore helps you resist bacteria and viruses, which are easily transmitted by direct contact.

You can also use NADH LIPCARE on babies and children without hesitation because it is a natural product. NADH occurs naturally in the body, but we produce too little of it when we are stressed, ill or older. Being exposed to too much cold or sunshine, such as when walking, tobogganing or skiing, and especially when the sun reflects brightly from the snow, can make lips sensitive, chapped and cracked. The body absorbs NADH directly through the skin of the lips, which promotes healing. NADH LIPCARE also provides relief if a runny nose is irritating the skin just beneath it by protecting the skin and letting it heal.

Everything considered, this small golden stick should be a constant companion in everyone’s handbag and backpack during the winter.

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00December, 2019|

Annual Conference of the American Nutrition Association – November 2019

Sigrid Duesberg, President of Prof. George Birkmayer NADH Corp., and Ferdinand Birkmayer, Managing Director of Prof. George Birkmayer NADH GmbH Switzerland, attended the 60th Annual Conference of the American Nutrition Association 
2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00November, 2019|

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

NADH – the biological alternative to Methylphenidate (Ritalin).

Demands on society are constantly growing. Students in particular are under tremendous pressure to perform. But what happens when continual tests increase this pressure? To go through these stressful periods successfully, students use way too much coffee as stimulant. Most students, however, resort to the chemical stimulant Ritalin.

Ritalin is a prescription medication that is given in particular to young people who suffer from ADHD. 80% of students in the US take Ritalin. The numbers in Europe are not significantly lower. However, the long-term usage of Ritalin can produce serious side effects, e.g. hallucinations, paranoid psychoses, anxiety and insomnia.

The question is whether there is an alternative. The answer is YES: NADH. It is scientifically proven that NADH, also known as Coenzyme-1, improves cognitive abilities like attention, concentration, visual perception and reaction time. This was shown in a study at Cornell University in New York. NADH is a naturally occurring substance without any side effects, as shown in more than 50 studies. You can take NADH your whole life without any habit-forming effect.

NADH also improves brain blood circulation and therefore oxygen supply, in particular in people with ADHD. The evidence for this was provided via computer tomography in a study in a neurological clinic in Mexico. People with ADHD had significantly reduced brain blood circulation (see 3 photos on the left). After only 2 weeks of treatment with NADH the brain blood circulation normalized (see 3 photos on the right).

Reference: „Macht Ritalin unsere Kinder süchtig, abhängig & dumm und vergiftet die Menschen?“; Univ. Prof. Dr.med. Dr. chem. Jörg George Birkmayer, 2016
Reference: „Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)“; The FASEB Journal express article 10; Univ. Prof. Dr.med. Dr. chem. Jörg George Birkmayer, April 2001

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00November, 2019|

Movement in Life

Cartilage in joints serves as a padding to prevent bones from constantly rubbing against each other. Cartilage does not contain blood vessels and nutrition is supplied via the synovial fluid. As a consequence it only receives limited oxygen and regenerates very slowly, if at all.

Researchers from the University of Freiburg (Germany) showed that NADH works like a vacuum cleaner sucking oxygen into the tissue twice as fast as under normal circumstances. Hence NADH increases the oxygen supply in the tissue and improves the regeneration of defective cartilage cells.

NADH in combination with the cartilage-regenerating substances glucosamine and chondroitin helps repair cartilage. Chondroitin protects cartilage from drying out and makes it more elastic. Glucosamine is needed for building and repairing cartilage. NADH increases the oxygen supply.

References: „Einfluss einer NADH Supplementation auf die muskuläre Energiebereitstellung beim Menschen” Grathwohl D, Klann M, Müller HM, Schlachter H und Berg A. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 11/2000.
References: Prof. DDr. Jörg Birkmayer. Der biologische Wasserstoff das Geheimnis unserer Lebensenergie, S. 172 f.; 2015

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00October, 2019|

Depression and Burn-Out – what can you do?

About 300 million people around the world are suffering from depression, according to the World Health Organization. The so-called “Burn-out” syndrome is nothing more than exhaustion depression. Depression becomes more and more a widespread disease. Depression is the umbrella term for a change in mood, wellbeing and attitude towards life. The most important symptoms are: listlessness, lack of initiative, sleeplessness, hypochondriac disorders and anxiety. Known causes are a lack of the neurotransmitters dopamine, adrenaline and serotonine. “Depression is a lack of energy in the brain” (Prof. Walther Birkmayer, 1991). This lack of energy and the deficit in neurotransmitters can be resolved with NADH (Coenzyme-1). NADH is the coenzyme form of Niacin. A study showed that NADH can help with depression. In this study 205 people suffering from depression received a daily dose of 10 mg NADH over a period of 6 months. 93% of the participants showed improvement of symptoms up to 43%. Some described an improved emotional state after only 5 days of treatment. Others felt improvement after 4 weeks. Since 1991 thousands of people have taken NADH on a regular basis over an extended amount of time and reported positive effects on mental and physical states of exhaustion (fatigue).

References: PBirkmayer JGD, Birkmayer W: The reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) as biological antidepressive agent. Experience with 205 patients. New trends in Clinical Neuropharmacology 5:75-86, 1991
References: Birkmayer JGD: The Biological Hydrogen – The Secret of our Life Energy. 82-85, 2019

2020-06-30T11:00:06-07:00September, 2019|